Hebron: Khalil al-Rahman

Hebron is one of the oldest continuously inhabited towns in the world. Its Arabic name, Khalil al-Rahman, means 'The Friend of God'. Hebron is closely identified with Abraham and is regarded as holy by Christians, Muslims, and Jews. According to tradition, Abraham pitched his tent in Hebron's plain of Mamre. When his wife Sarah died, Abraham bought the cave of Machpela from Ephron the Hittite and buried her there. Located in the center of Hebron, the Tomb of the Patriarchs became the tomb of the patriarchs and their wives. Sarah, Abraham, Isaac, Rebecca, Leah, and Jacob, were all buried there.Hebron lies in a mountainous region south of Jerusalem at an altitude of 1000 meters above sea level. Among its interesting features are the narrow and winding streets, the flat-roofed stone houses, and the old bazaars. It is famous for its blown glass, ceramic, leather, and cotton products as well as its variety of choice grapes.